The Machines of Leonardo Da Vinci and Franz Reuleaux

The Machines of Leonardo Da Vinci and Franz Reuleaux

Kinematics of Machines from the Renaissance to the 20th Century
History of Mechanism and Machine Science, Band 2

von: Francis C. Moon

83,29 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 29.10.2007
ISBN/EAN: 9781402055997
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 417

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This fascinating book will be of as much interest to engineers as to art historians, examining as it does the evolution of machine design methodology from the Renaissance to the Age of Machines in the 19th century. It provides detailed analysis, comparing design concepts of engineers of the 15th century Renaissance and the 19th century age of machines from a workshop tradition to the rational scientific discipline used today.
Ah the Machine; both coveted and criticized, life sustaining and life destr- ing yet always a symbol of human creativity and invention from the Rena- sance to robotics from the Wright brothers to the Wankel engine. There are more than a billion mechanical machines in our world of six billion humans. These machines are the source of both marvel and mayhem in the life of our planet. This book is about the evolution of these machines and the inv- tors and engineers who created them from the early Renaissance to the early 20th century. I have chosen two personalities who are icons of these two machine ages, Leonardo da Vinci [1452–1519] and Franz Reuleaux [1829– 1905], recognizing both the cadre of machine designers who in?uenced them as well as those who were in?uenced by the accomplishments of these two engineers. A major thesis of this book is that the evolution of machine design methodology, from the intuitive methods of the workshop to the math-based, engineering science analysis and synthesis of modern industrial design, was of equal achievement as the creation of the marvelous machines themselves. In the past two decades there has been increasing interest in rational me- ods of design from topology and optimization theories to genetic algorithms. In the teaching of design at the novitiate level, the importance of design - cles and iteration is emphasized. Yet often the historical background for e- lution of machine design is minimal or missing.
Part 1: Leonardo da Vinci and Franz Reuleaux: Machine Engineers:
Introduction; Modem Applications of Kinematics: Leonardo in your Toothbrush: Kinematic Mechanisms in Daily Life; Deconstructing the Machine: Constructive Elements of Design Leonardo, ‘Ingenieur Ordinaire’; Franz Reuleaux ‘Father of Kinematics of Machines’; Influence of Leonardo on 19th C. Theory of Machines; Kinematics of Machines: The Geometry of Motion; Visual and Topological Thinking: Reuleaux’s Language of Invention; Part 2: The Evolution of Machines :Evolution of Machines in Ancient Times; Visual Kinematic Perception of Mechanisms
Ancient Greek and Roman Machines; Machines in the Bible; Roger Bacon on Marvelous Machines; Scientific and Technical Milieu in the Renaissance Machine Age; Artist-Engineers of the Early Renaissance; Francesco di Giorgio Martini: The Leonardo of Siena; Theatre of Machines Books; Mathematics and the Design of Machines; Imitation or Invention of Machines; The Machine in Art; Art, Engineering and Science; Concepts of Design and Invention by Leonardo and Reuleaux ; Inventors and Engineering Scientists in the 19th Century; The Machine Age in 19th C. Berlin ; Lost Knowledge from the Age of Machines and Mathematical Kinematics; Curves of constant width; Straight-line Mechanisms; Rotary Engines; Prime Mover Machines: Thermodynamics, Kinematics and Materials; Flying Machines; Kinematics of Animal and Human Motion; Leonardo and Reuleaux: A Summary; Part 3: A Comparison of Machines of Leonardo and Reuleaux : Leonardo’ s ‘Elementi Macchinali’ and Reuleaux’ s ‘Constructive Elements’ A Comparison of Leonardo’ s Drawings of Mechanisms and Reuleaux’ s Kinematic Models; The Four-bar Linkage; The Slider-Crank Mechanism; The Endless Screw or Worm Drive; Belt Drive Mechanism; The Ratchet and Pawl; The Verge Escapement; CamMechanisms; Toothed Wheels and Gears; Water Wheels and Pumps; Reversing or Mangle Mechanism; Friction Wheels; Flywheels and Balance Wheels; The Screw Jack; Coupling Mechanisms; Lazy Tongs Mechanism; Pulleys ; Ball Bearing; Bearing Supports; Wedges and Keys; Springs; Brakes; Part 4:Cited References; Books on the Life of Leonardo da Vinci and as Machine Engineer; Books on the History of Machines in the Industrial Age; Books on the History of the Renaissance in Europe; Books and Articles on Franz Reuleaux and Kinematics Theory of Machines; Books and Articles on Kinematics of Animal and Human Motion; Appendices:I. Summary of ‘Theatre of Machines’ Books : A From Vitruvius (c.27 BC) to Diderot (1751): Vitruvius (c. 27 BC); Ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari (1204); Villard de Honnecourt (c. 1225); Mariano Taccola (1382-1460); F. di Giorgio (1439-1501); Vannoccio Biringucci (1550); Georgius Agricola (1494-1555); Jacque Besson (1540-1576); Agostino Ramelli (1530-1590); Vittorio Zonca (1568-1602); Solomon de Caus (1576-1630); Zeising (1612); Jacob de Strada (1617); G.A. Bockler (1662) ; Jacob Leupold (1724) Denis Diderot (1751).
Francis C. Moon is a Chaired Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. He is an elected member of the US National Academy of Engineers. He is also a Fellow of ASME. Moon is Curator of the Reuleaux Collection of Kinematic Models at Cornell University. He has authored five published books with John Wiley including two popular books on chaotic dynamics; Chaotic Vibrations (1987, 2004), Chaotic and Fractal Dynamics and a textbook Applied Dynamics (1998) His research specialty includes dynamics of machines and structures as well as magneto-mechanical devices. He has lectured recently in ‘Introduction to Robotics’ for seniors and ‘Applied Dynamics’ for graduate students. He was the recipient of a Humboldt Prize award in 1988 and 2001. In 2001 he was a visiting scholar at the Archiv of the Deutsches Museum where he studied the papers of Franz Reuleaux. Moon is a member of the commission on the History of Machines and Mechanisms (HMM) of the International Federation for the Theory af Machines and Mechanisms. (IFToMM) He has published over 140 research papers and holds five patents. He was the Director of the School of Mechanical and Aerospace engineering at Cornell University from 1987-1992. Moon is one of the creators of the history of mechanisms website; KMODDL: Kinematic Modelsfor Design, Digital Library []
Covers a topic of current interest from an angle that has not been dealt with for the last 30 years
Suitable for courses
Of interest to both academics and the general public in a variety of disciplines
This book examines the evolution of machine design methodology from the Renaissance to the Age of Machines in the 19th century. It provides detailed analysis, comparing design concepts of engineers of the 15th century Renaissance and the 19th century age of machines from a workshop tradition to the rational scientific discipline used today.
The book places the technical design ideas for the machines of Leonardo da Vinci and Franz Reuleaux in the historical, economic and social context of their times. It offers detailed comparisons of 20 basic machine mechanisms such as the slider crank and four-bar linkages in both Leonardo’s drawings and Reuleaux’s models are made. The book argues that the development of a rational design methodology for machines that grew from the time of Leonardo to the early 20th century was as great a feat as the invention of the machines themselves.

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